The hip is an extremely stable joint. It gains its stability through a lot of passive structures. The anatomical structure of the head of the femur inside the acetabulum and the additional congruency added by the labrum increases stability. Furthermore, the three main ligaments of the joint and the joint capsule itself also add passive stability.
Dynamic stability is increased through a number of muscles that cross the region. Its makes it stable but also very strong and able to produce large forces to aid functional capacity.
With consideration of the stability, strength and function of the hip it is a joint that can cause anything from mild symptoms to extreme pain with considerable functional limitations.
Correctly assessing the joint will allow you to identify the main issues with the hip which will then guide your treatment approach.
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